SELECT command - Example ABAP code to demonstrate the SELECT command

The select command is the most fundamental function of writing ABAP programs allowing the retrieval of data from SAP database tables. Below are a few examples of the various ways of selecting data.


*Code to demonstrate select command
*Code to demonstrate select into internal table command
TYPES: BEGIN OF t_bkpf,
*  include structure bkpf.
  bukrs LIKE bkpf-bukrs,
  belnr LIKE bkpf-belnr,
  gjahr LIKE bkpf-gjahr,
  bldat LIKE bkpf-bldat,
  monat LIKE bkpf-monat,
  budat LIKE bkpf-budat,
  xblnr LIKE bkpf-xblnr,
  awtyp LIKE bkpf-awtyp,
  awkey LIKE bkpf-awkey,
 END OF t_bkpf.
DATA: it_bkpf TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_bkpf INITIAL SIZE 0,
      wa_bkpf TYPE t_bkpf.

TYPES: BEGIN OF t_bseg,
*include structure bseg.
  bukrs     LIKE bseg-bukrs,
  belnr     LIKE bseg-belnr,
  gjahr     LIKE bseg-gjahr,
  buzei     LIKE bseg-buzei,
  mwskz     LIKE bseg-mwskz,         "Tax code
  umsks     LIKE bseg-umsks,         "Special G/L transaction type
  prctr     LIKE bseg-prctr,         "Profit Centre
  hkont     LIKE bseg-hkont,         "G/L account
  xauto     LIKE bseg-xauto,
  koart     LIKE bseg-koart,
  dmbtr     LIKE bseg-dmbtr,
  mwart     LIKE bseg-mwart,
  hwbas     LIKE bseg-hwbas,
  aufnr     LIKE bseg-aufnr,
  projk     LIKE bseg-projk,
  shkzg     LIKE bseg-shkzg,
  kokrs     LIKE bseg-kokrs,
 END OF t_bseg.
DATA: it_bseg TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF t_bseg INITIAL SIZE 0,
      wa_bseg TYPE t_bseg.

DATA: it_ekko TYPE STANDARD TABLE OF ekko.


*Select all fields of a SAP database table into in itab
SELECT *
  FROM ekko
  INTO TABLE it_ekko.


*Select directly into an internal table
SELECT bukrs belnr gjahr buzei mwskz umsks prctr hkont xauto koart
       dmbtr mwart hwbas aufnr projk shkzg kokrs
  FROM bseg
  INTO TABLE it_bseg.


* Select directly into an internal table where fields are in a
* different order or not all fields are specified 
SELECT bukrs belnr gjahr buzei mwskz umsks prctr hkont xauto koart
       dmbtr mwart hwbas aufnr projk shkzg kokrs
  FROM bseg
  INTO CORRESPONDING FIELDS OF TABLE it_bseg.


*Select... endselect command
SELECT bukrs belnr gjahr buzei mwskz umsks prctr hkont xauto koart
       dmbtr mwart hwbas aufnr projk shkzg kokrs
  FROM bseg
  INTO wa_bseg.

  APPEND wa_bseg TO it_bseg.
ENDSELECT.


*Select FOR ALL ENTRIES command
SELECT bukrs belnr gjahr bldat monat budat xblnr awtyp awkey
  UP TO 100 ROWS
  FROM bkpf
  INTO TABLE it_bkpf.

IF sy-subrc EQ 0.
* The FOR ALL ENTRIES comand only retrieves data which matches
* entries within a particular internal table.
  SELECT bukrs belnr gjahr buzei mwskz umsks prctr hkont xauto koart
         dmbtr mwart hwbas aufnr projk shkzg kokrs
    FROM bseg
    INTO TABLE it_bseg
    FOR ALL ENTRIES IN it_bkpf
    WHERE bukrs EQ it_bkpf-bukrs AND
          belnr EQ it_bkpf-belnr AND
          gjahr EQ it_bkpf-gjahr.
ENDIF.